Opioid Dependency and Prescription Length

opioid dependencyA new study conducted by the University of Arkansas on opioid use has been recently published by the Centers for Disease Control. It is somewhat of a curious study since it was based on record analysis of prescription records for opioids. The results will likely be twisted by the press soon to announce how bad these drugs are and how addictive they can be.

The question the study sought to answer was – “If a patient gets a certain amount of drug prescribed on a first visit, will they still be taking that drug a year later?” The numbers are somewhat surprising, but in reality it does not really say anything about opioids, addiction or pain. All it really says is that for some people there may be limited options to treat pain, and maybe it is very effective for some people.

Continued Opioid Use

The patients studied were all 18 and over, cancer free, studied June 2006 through September 2015 and did not have a history of opioid abuse. Here’s a look at the results:

  • A person who received 1-day supply of medication had a 6% chance of being on opioids for a year or longer.
  • With a 5-day supply, they had a 10% chance of being on opioids in a year.
  • With a 10-day supply the odds go to a 20% that they will be still using opioids in a year.
  • A 30-day supply had about 30% chance of being on the medications a year later.

So if you start on opioids, and have it for over 10 days, 1 in 5 of those people may still be on those medications. However, it also means that 80 percent will not still be on those drugs.

Interpreting The Results

Several messages can be inferred from this data. First, acute pain should be treated with the least amount of medication for the shortest length of time. If at all possible, avoid the use of opioids for acute pain and find other less addictive and dependency causing medications. Second, many people do not use these medications long-term and can use them responsibly. Lastly, pain is very complex, and since some medications are highly addictive, try to avoid them and use the multiple other ways to treat pain including everything from chiropractors, to physical therapy, to exercise, and to injections.

The study also may be an analysis of the treatments available for severe pain. Some of the most effective treatments sometimes are the least healthy and can cause dependency. Opioids have been around for hundreds of years. Our knowledge of pain is limited, as are the solutions. Since it is such a huge medical problem, we really need to spend more on research and solutions. We know there is an opioid crisis with addiction. We need research solutions and new treatments. Now is the time to spend on research, as it may provide better solutions for more people than some of the recent government spending recommendations.

The Politics Of Pain

Politics PainkillerThe problems with opioids have been all over the news. Now it is the political season, and the politics of pain have occasionally been making news. It’s generally about how awful the pharmaceutical companies have been and how they have been behind the current problems. Whenever we try to point blame, it is worth remembering that both the problems and solutions are complex. Drug companies may have recognized the market for pain medications but without a demand for the product, even with the best sales, the problems would not have developed. Further, doctors have also been blamed, always over prescribing pain medications.

The treatments for pain are as varied as the causes, as there is not a single treatment that works for all. Unfortunately, the culture in the U.S. often wants a quick fix, and if a pill helps, most want that solution. The harder solutions of modifying activity and exercise often have few takers. The easy solution is taking an opioid medication, and when people started to realize that it helps temporarily, many people have insisted on being prescribed these medications.

Patient rights and quality care have also been an issue in prescribing medications. Countless times patients have said it is their right to take certain medications and that if a patient has pain, it is the obligation of a healthcare provider to prescribe opioids to control their symptoms. Now with multiple sites providing online evaluations and ratings of care providers, patients dissatisfied with not being prescribed certain medications will rate a provider badly.

Prescribing Opioids

The politically correct position currently, at least for healthcare managers, politicians, and lawmakers, is to say opioids are always bad and doctors should not be prescribing these medications since they only cause addiction and death. The truth is obviously more complex, but these medications are appropriate for certain people, especially when all other treatments for pain have failed.

Years ago, the pharmaceutical companies were notably behind the push to have opioids more widely prescribed. Today, we have a better understanding of the problem with these medications, and we have some alternatives in management of pain. As cynical as it was for drug companies to push for prescribing medications, now the push for more addiction management due to opioid problems. One of the most important solutions to reducing opioid usage is to fund research for better treatment alternatives and to discover more about what causes ongoing pain.

The opioid crisis is real and it affects an alarming number. Yes, there is a need for stemming the crisis, but most of the money being proposed is to go for addiction treatment, and often people who directly profit are behind the treatment programs. Another group is pushing for legalizing marijuana for the treatment of pain, and many of those pushing the hardest will again directly profit if this is legalized. Those in the trenches trying to appropriately diagnose and treat pain, and those who are suffering from pain currently have little financial support. Even though a third of the population struggles with pain, very few resources are being targeted towards a better understanding of the mechanisms behind pain and new treatment alternatives. Pain is not glamorous, and there is no high profile celebrity pushing the cause for better treatments. Unfortunately, there are many people pushing causes related to pain for personal profit, from addiction treatment centers, pharmaceutical companies, to disingenuous entrepreneurs pushing for legalizing marijuana. When looking for solutions, they need to be based in the best interest of those in pain.

Painkillers Most Often Prescribed in the South

Painkillers in the SouthMany people have heard the term “Minnesota Nice,” but the term “Minnesota Tough” may soon be a new moniker after it was revealed that Minnesota was among the lowest per capita states for pain pill prescriptions.

The report published earlier this month by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention assessed painkiller prescriptions and analyzed how they varied state to state. The study analyzed prescription totals for common painkillers including Vicodin and OxyContin, and the findings uncovered an alarming trend about painkiller prescriptions, particularly in southeast.

Alabama had the highest rate of prescriptions, followed closely by Tennessee, West Virginia, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Mississippi and Louisiana. Doctors in the south also had higher prescription rates for antibiotics and stimulants for children.

The study wanted to pinpoint the problemed states after some concerning overdose death trends emerged over the last few years. In 2011, 41 percent of the 41,000 overdose deaths were from prescription pain meds.

“Prescriptions go up, deaths go up. Prescriptions go down, deaths go down,” said CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden.

Frieden added that more drug monitoring programs at the state level and more laws aimed at shutting down “pill mills” are two main ways local and national governments could help curb prescription painkiller overdoses.

Minnesota’s Number Encouraging

Although the exact numbers aren’t known, USA Today published a color-coded map that determined whether a state’s total painkiller prescription per capita total was low, medium, high or very high. Minnesota was one of 13 states to earn the “low” distinction along with Alaska, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming.

Aside from being tough, it appears that Minnesotans are aware that pain care needs to be a multi-faceted approach. There is no magic pain pill. Prescriptions need to be combined with diet, exercise, physical therapy and help from a trained professional if you want to give yourself the best chance to live a pain free life.

Keep it up, Minnesota.

Related source: Lee County Courier