Recently, platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been making news as a treatment for hip bursitis after a presentation at the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery annual meeting. PRP is blood that has been spun and has concentrated factors that stimulate tissue repair and growth. This concentrated solution can be injected back into the body in affected areas to improve healing in damaged tissue. New areas for use are being found regularly.
Initially, PRP was first used in trials for repair after a heart attack, but it has expanded into areas of tendon repair, nerve injury and bursitis. Most commonly it has been used in sports injuries, and for many of these patients it has been quite successful. Instead of just calming down inflammation like many medical treatments, PRP helps more intensely stimulate the body to repair the injury. The downside to this treatment is that it is still considered experimental and insurance rarely covers the cost which can be in the several thousand dollar range.
PRP for Tendonitis and Bursitis
The most common uses in pain management for platelet rich plasma is for shoulder, elbow, hip and knee pain especially related to tendinopathy, tenosynovitis and bursitis. Blood is taken from the patient and then spun in a centrifuge. The residual plasma is rich in a number of proteins and substances that promote healing in the body. The plasma then is injected with either ultrasound or X-ray guidance into the appropriate area, whether the shoulder, hip or by certain tendons to stimulate healing. A series of several injections may be necessary to fully promote healing. Since it is an all natural product of the patient themselves, it is very safe, and may be very effective for the right conditions.
Tendonitis, bursitis, joint and ligament pain is always treated conservatively first. Rest, heat and ice, and physical therapy are the first lines of treatment. If the problems are not improving, medications like oral or topical anti-inflammatory drugs combined with exercises and therapy may also be effective. If those treatments do not help, corticosteroid injections may also be indicated and evaluation by a physical medicine pain specialist to guide treatment would be beneficial.
The medical literature at this time is showing that the use of platelet rich plasma may have many benefits in the treatment of some of these joint related conditions of pain and inflammation. PRP is not the first line of treatment; it is used when other courses have failed. Furthermore, insurance has not endorsed its use and the cost will most likely be the responsibility of the patient. As of now, the injections are mainly for athletes or people who can afford the treatment when other avenues have failed.