- Sexual organs
- Blood vessels
Since every organ and structure tends to have some type of sensory innervation, they can all be sources of pain.
Almost everyone has experienced pain from the stomach and intestines. From overeating, to acid reflux and indigestion, to constipation or diarrhea, the problems are common. Most of these issues are short lived, inconvenient, and not serious. When they are intense and do not resolve quickly, sometimes they do require medical intervention.
When to Seek Medical Help
The main concern with abdominal pain is when to seek medical attention to help determine the cause. Signs that indicate a need for further attention include:
- Inability to eat or drink fluids for over a day
- Ongoing vomiting
- Vomiting blood
- Severely painful abdomen and not being able to touch it
- Painful urination
- Passing blood in urine or stools
- Difficulty breathing due to pain
- Acute traumatic injury
Since there are so many different organs and structures linked to the abdomen, diagnosing the cause of pain may be difficult. The starting point is always the history and story provided by the patient. A physical exam gives the next set of information. With this basic information, the clinician then can determine the best tests to help find the answers to the cause of the pain. Tests may include blood and urine analysis, X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds, and sometimes invasive scopes of various systems.
Treating Abdominal Pain
Treatment options for abdominal pain are as variable as the causes. Since the vast majority of causes are not life threatening, treatment is often simple. Serious problems often require the intervention of medical specialists to guide the evaluation and treatment. Self-diagnosis and treatment for minor problems is fine. But when the symptoms are more serious, find a medical specialist who you can trust. If looking up information on the Internet, stick to respected medical sites like WebMD, Mayo Clinic, and the NIH (National Institutes of Health). Do not panic about information you read on the Internet but use it to discuss concerns with your provider.
Thomas Cohn, MD
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